The Role of Local Governments in Combating Climate Change and Adaptation: The Case of Selected Metropolitan Municipalities in Turkey
Problems related to environmental pollution, climate change and global warming are on the world agenda. The issue of combating climate change and global warming requires to be addressed at various levels, including local, national and international, due to its potential to affect the whole world. Considering that the majority of the world's population lives in urban areas, it is thought that while cities accelerate the process of climate change as the regions where greenhouse gas emissions are the most intense, the main struggle will take place at the local level since they will be the settlements most exposed to its destructive effects. For this reason, local governments come to the forefront in the fight against climate change. Since the struggle to minimise the impacts of climate change on cities requires planning and determination of policies to be followed, it is seen that local governments mainly plan and implement mitigation and adaptation measures. The size of the budget allocated by municipalities at the local level while carrying out activities for mitigation and adaptation to combat environmental protection and climate change (EPCC) is important in order to avoid a large gap between the targets set in the action plans and the implementation. As one of the countries that will be most affected by climate change and as a party to international agreements within the scope of combating this problem, Turkey's expenditures made in line with the targets set both at national and local level are important in terms of showing how the policies implemented are reflected in the budgets.
In this book, the performance programmes of 10 selected metropolitan municipalities for the years 2018-2022 are examined separately, and the expenditures related to the activity areas related to EPCC are separated from all expenditure items. These expenditures are categorised under the headings of mitigation, adaptation, waste and other environment, and their ratios within the total EPCC budget are calculated and arranged in tables. Thus, by classifying how much of the budget allocated for EPCC is related to greenhouse gas emission reduction, how much is related to adaptation to the consequences of climate change, and how much is related to waste management and environment, the EPCC budgets of 10 selected metropolitan municipalities were comparatively evaluated. The aim is to evaluate how local governments in Turkey spend the budget they allocate while fulfilling both their traditional duties and responsibilities and international obligations within the scope of combating climate change through the data of 10 selected metropolitan municipalities in the 5-year period covering the years 2018-2022.
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